During parts of the WW1, Greece had two governments: A royalist pro-German one in Athens and a Venizelist pro-Entente one in Thessaloniki. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. The spectacular Vikos Gorge, part of the Vikos-Aoos National Park in the Pindus range, is listed by the Guinness book of World Records as the deepest gorge in the world. [99] Approximately three-quarters of the Chios' Greek population of 120,000 were killed, enslaved or died of disease. [344] Notable playwrights of the modern Greek theatre include Gregorios Xenopoulos, Nikos Kazantzakis, Pantelis Horn, Alekos Sakellarios and Iakovos Kambanelis, while notable actors include Cybele Andrianou, Marika Kotopouli, Aimilios Veakis, Orestis Makris, Katina Paxinou, Manos Katrakis and Dimitris Horn. The Greek islands are traditionally grouped into the following clusters: the Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic gulf near Athens, the Cyclades, a large but dense collection occupying the central part of the Aegean Sea, the North Aegean islands, a loose grouping off the west coast of Turkey, the Dodecanese, another loose collection in the southeast between Crete and Turkey, the Sporades, a small tight group off the coast of northeast Euboea, and the Ionian Islands, located to the west of the mainland in the Ionian Sea. [203][229] This had a critical effect: the Debt-to-GDP ratio, the key factor defining the severity of the crisis, would jump from its 2009 level of 127% to about 170%, solely due to the shrinking economy. [104] Otto's reign was despotic, and in its first 11 years of independence Greece was ruled by a Bavarian oligarchy led by Joseph Ludwig von Armansperg as Prime Minister and, later, by Otto himself, who held the title of both King and Premier. The Greek struggle and victory against the Italians received exuberant praise at the time. The left-wing party of SYRIZA became the second major party, with an increase from 4% to 16%. Peter Krentz, PhD, W. R. Grey Professor of History, Davidson College. Unsere Redakteure haben uns dem Ziel angenommen, Produkte jeder Art zu checken, damit Verbraucher auf einen Blick den Karte griechenland gönnen können, den Sie für gut befinden. info@eloundabeach.gr +30 28410 63000. They also won the silver medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics, the gold medal at the 2005 World League and the silver medals at the 2010 and 2012 European Championships. comprise 10% of the total. [h] Other parties represented in the Hellenic Parliament include the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA), the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), Greek Solution and MeRA25. Tsipras called snap elections in August 2015, resigning from his post, which led to a month-long caretaker administration headed by judge Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou, Greece's first female prime minister. Kapodistrias established a series of state, economic and military institutions. [176] Greece spends over US$7 billion annually on its military, or 2.3 percent of GDP, the 24th-highest in the world in absolute terms, the seventh-highest on a per capita basis, and the second-highest in NATO after the United States. Notable Greek opera singers and classical musicians of the 20th and 21st century include Maria Callas, Nana Mouskouri, Mario Frangoulis, Leonidas Kavakos, Dimitris Sgouros and others. Login Free registration Time remaining : 4 days 8 hours. Graecia. The song received 230 points with 10 sets of 12 points from Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Albania, Cyprus, Serbia & Montenegro, Sweden and Germany and also became a smash hit in different countries and especially in Greece. [51] Although the political unity of Alexander's empire could not be maintained, it resulted in the Hellenistic civilization and spread the Greek language and Greek culture in the territories conquered by Alexander. Also, the tradition of wall painting in Greece goes back at least to the Minoan and Mycenaean Bronze Age, with the lavish fresco decoration of sites like Knossos, Tiryns and Mycenae. Cappadocian Greeks, Pontian Greeks, and non-Greek followers of Greek Orthodoxy were all subject to the exchange as well. In 2009 DEI supplied for 85.6% of all electric energy demand in Greece,[242] while the number fell to 77.3% in 2010. 1894 / 1 : G6811.C55 1988 .I5: Heat flow map of Greece = Chartēs thermikēs roēs tēs Helladas. Two Greek authors have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature: George Seferis in 1963 and Odysseas Elytis in 1979. Strand Elounda. The earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, in the Greek province of Macedonia. [350] The song was echoing the hippie slogan Make love, not war and was inspired directly by the Vietnam War, becoming a "smash hit" in Greece.[351]. [69] During the 11th and 12th centuries the return of stability resulted in the Greek peninsula benefiting from strong economic growth – much stronger than that of the Anatolian territories of the Empire. Led by Athens and Sparta, the Greek victories in the Greco-Persian Wars are considered a pivotal moment in world history,[47] as the 50 years of peace that followed are known as the Golden Age of Athens, the seminal period of ancient Greek development that laid many of the foundations of Western civilization. Quadratische Plattkarte, N-S-Streckung 120 %. [129][130] The Greek Resistance, one of the most effective resistance movements in Europe, fought vehemently against the Nazis and their collaborators. [271], Although lower than the EU average of 1.93 percent, between 1990 and 1998, total R&D expenditure in Greece enjoyed the third-highest increase in Europe, after Finland and Ireland. [citation needed] In a 2013 report, the IMF admitted that it had underestimated the effects of so extensive tax hikes and budget cuts on the country's GDP and issued an informal apology. By 500 BC, the Persian Empire controlled the Greek city states in Asia Minor and Macedonia. Many Greeks migrated to Alexandria, Antioch, Seleucia, and the many other new Hellenistic cities in Asia and Africa. ", "Why Three Rescues Didn't Solve Greece's Debt Problem (Bloomberg)", "Will the IMF Apologize to Greece ? The Greece women's national water polo team have emerged as one of the leading powers in the world, becoming World Champions after their gold medal win against the hosts China at the 2011 World Championship. [Ελλας, 1:100,000]. [125] Although a dictatorship, Greece remained on good terms with Britain and was not allied with the Axis. This issue would continue to plague Greek politics until the 1970s. The result of the second elections was the formation of a coalition government composed of New Democracy (29%), PASOK (12%) and Democratic Left (6%) parties. Eighty percent of Greece consists of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. [360], Coordinates: 39°N 22°E / 39°N 22°E / 39; 22, Hellenistic and Roman periods (323 BC – 4th century AD), Venetian possessions and Ottoman rule (15th century – 1821), Dictatorship, World War II, and reconstruction, On 14 August 1974 Greek forces withdrew from the integrated military structure of, For a diachronic analysis of the Greek party system see, Cite error: The named reference "Pew2017" was defined multiple times with different content (see the, sfn error: no target: CITEREFClogg1992page_23 (. Hellas Thessalia Epirus 1 : 800000 Epirus (Řecko) Reichard, Christian Gottlieb Campius, D. a D. Campio. [Karte verbergen Karte zeigen] [vergrößern] Bücher | Tours. In 1944 Katina Paxinou was honoured with the Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for For Whom the Bell Tolls. In the September 2015 general election, Alexis Tsipras led SYRIZA to another victory, winning 145 out of 300 seats and re-forming the coalition with the Independent Greeks. Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world come to Greece to have there summer vacations on the mainland or on one of the Greek islands. [288] According to other sources, 15.8% of Greeks describe themselves as "very religious", which is the highest among all European countries. Members of these groups usually identify ethnically as Greek[309] and are today all at least bilingual in Greek. The most successful Greek teams are Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, Aris Thessaloniki, AEK Athens and P.A.O.K. Some dishes can be traced back to ancient Greece like skordalia (a thick purée of walnuts, almonds, crushed garlic and olive oil), lentil soup, retsina (white or rosé wine sealed with pine resin) and pasteli (candy bar with sesame seeds baked with honey). The subsequent Hellenistic period saw the height of Greek culture and influence in antiquity. Net migration started to show positive numbers from the 1970s, but until the beginning of the 1990s, the main influx was that of returning Greek migrants or of Pontic Greeks and others from Russia, Georgia, Turkey the Czech Republic, and elsewhere in the former Soviet Bloc. Following news that combined Ottoman–Egyptian fleets were going to attack the Greek island of Hydra, the allied fleet intercepted the Ottoman–Egyptian fleet at Navarino. [166] Panos Kammenos voted against this government and he split off from ND forming the right-wing populist Independent Greeks. 3. The first artistic movement in the Greek Kingdom can be considered the Greek academic art of the 19th century (Munich School). 3. [203] The Greek crisis was triggered by the turmoil of the 2007–2009 Great Recession, which led the budget deficits of several Western nations to reach or exceed 10% of GDP. [221] Public debt was forecast, according to some estimates, to hit 120% of GDP in the same year,[222] causing a crisis of confidence in Greece's ability pay back loans. These states and their colonies reached great levels of prosperity that resulted in an unprecedented cultural boom, that of classical Greece, expressed in architecture, drama, science, mathematics and philosophy. Green Energies Hellas Projects and Solutions. During the Byzantine period, the theatrical art was heavily declined. The architecture of ancient Greece was produced by the ancient Greeks (Hellenes), whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Aegean Islands and their colonies, for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC. After falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, Greece emerged as a modern nation state in 1830 following a war of independence. Instruments during that period included the double-reed aulos and the plucked string instrument, the lyre, especially the special kind called a kithara. [137] The Greek government-debt crisis, and subsequent austerity policies, have resulted in protests and social strife. Especially in Crete, a prolonged revolt in 1866–1869 had raised nationalist fervour. The economic crisis has exacerbated this development, with 350,000-450,000 Greeks, predominantly young adults, emigrating since 2010. [253] The basis of the modern Greek maritime industry was formed after World War II when Greek shipping businessmen were able to amass surplus ships sold to them by the U.S. government through the Ship Sales Act of the 1940s. Ganze Karte anzeigen. Meanwhile, the makeshift Greek navy was achieving success against the Ottoman navy in the Aegean Sea and prevented Ottoman reinforcements from arriving by sea. The formal vocabulary of ancient Greek architecture, in particular the division of architectural style into three defined orders: the Doric Order, the Ionic Order and the Corinthian Order, was to have profound effect on Western architecture of later periods. Athos (Griechenland): Mönchsrepublik & Siedlungen mit Bevölkerungsstatistiken, Diagrammen und Karte. Estimates from 2016 show the birth rate decreasing further still to 8.5 per 1,000 and mortality climbing to 11.2 per 1,000.[278]. The conflict, considered one of the earliest struggles of the Cold War,[132] resulted in further economic devastation, mass population displacement and severe political polarisation for the next thirty years.[133]. [242], Twelve percent of Greece's electricity comes from hydroelectric power plants[243] and another 20% from natural gas. The vast majority of visitors in Greece in 2007 came from the European continent, numbering 12.7 million,[262] while the most visitors from a single nationality were those from the United Kingdom, (2.6 million), followed closely by those from Germany (2.3 million). Login to your account. Notable Greek scientists of modern times include Georgios Papanikolaou (inventor of the Pap test), mathematician Constantin Carathéodory (known for the Carathéodory theorems and Carathéodory conjecture), astronomer E. M. Antoniadi, archaeologists Ioannis Svoronos, Valerios Stais, Spyridon Marinatos, Manolis Andronikos (discovered the tomb of Philip II of Macedon in Vergina), Indologist Dimitrios Galanos, botanist Theodoros G. Orphanides, such as Michael Dertouzos, Nicholas Negroponte, John Argyris, John Iliopoulos (2007 Dirac Prize for his contributions on the physics of the charm quark, a major contribution to the birth of the Standard Model, the modern theory of Elementary Particles), Joseph Sifakis (2007 Turing Award, the "Nobel Prize" of Computer Science), Christos Papadimitriou (2002 Knuth Prize, 2012 Gödel Prize), Mihalis Yannakakis (2005 Knuth Prize) and physicist Dimitri Nanopoulos. [87], While some Greeks in the Ionian Islands and Constantinople lived in prosperity, and Greeks of Constantinople (Phanariotes) achieved positions of power within the Ottoman administration,[88] much of the population of mainland Greece suffered the economic consequences of the Ottoman conquest. The following morning, Tsipras reached an agreement with Independent Greeks party to form a coalition, and he was sworn in as Prime Minister of Greece. Seven decentralised administrations group one to three regions for administrative purposes on a regional basis. Greece ranks 15th in the world in the number of citizens serving in the armed forces. [326] In 2008, Greece had the highest rate of perceived good health in the OECD, at 98.5%. Greece is a developed country with a high standard of living and a high ranking in the Human Development Index. During the 1970s and 1980s, Theo Angelopoulos directed a series of notable and appreciated movies. [314] 189,000 people of the total population of Albanian citizens were reported in 2008 as ethnic Greeks from Southern Albania, in the historical region of Northern Epirus. About 500,000 Muslims from Greece, predominantly those defined as Turks, but also Greek Muslims like the Vallahades of western Macedonia, were exchanged with approximately 1.5 million Greeks from Turkey. [330] Infant mortality, with a rate of 3.6 deaths per 1,000 live births, was below the 2007 OECD average of 4.9.[326]. Managing Migration: The Promise of Cooperation. map marker. Hellas Land. Item n° #840750040; €2.99 ± US$3.38. Original file ‎(SVG file, nominally 1,003 × 825 pixels, file size: 833 KB). This is the source of the English alternate name Hellas, which is mostly found in archaic or poetic contexts today. 5. The klephtic cycle, together with historical songs, paraloghes (narrative song or ballad), love songs, mantinades, wedding songs, songs of exile and dirges express the life of the Greeks. However, in the 18th century, due to their mastery of shipping and commerce, a wealthy and dispersed Greek merchant class arose. [226] A debt haircut was also agreed as part of the deal. Its economy is the largest in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor. {{Information |Description= |Source= |Date= |Author= |Permission= |other_versions= }}, {{Information |Description= {{de|Positionskarte von. [citation needed] Prior to the Greek Revolution of 1821, there had been a number of wars which saw Greeks fight against the Ottomans, such as the Greek participation in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the Epirus peasants' revolts of 1600–1601 (led by the Orthodox bishop Dionysios Skylosophos), the Morean War of 1684–1699, and the Russian-instigated Orlov Revolt in 1770, which aimed at breaking up the Ottoman Empire in favour of Russian interests. After years of negotiation, three great powers, France, Russian Empire, and the United Kingdom, decided to intervene in the conflict and each nation sent a navy to Greece. Due to the adoption of the euro, when Greece experienced financial crisis, it could no longer devalue its currency to regain competitiveness. [310] The Jewish community in Greece traditionally spoke Ladino (Judeo-Spanish), today maintained only by a few thousand speakers. Also completed are the A5 (Ionia Odos) motorway that connects northwestern Greece (Ioannina) with western Greece (Antirrio); the last sections of the A1 motorway, connecting Athens to Thessaloniki and Evzonoi in northern Greece; as well as the A8 motorway (part of the Olympia Odos) in Peloponnese, connecting Athens to Patras. Maritime connections have been improved with modern high-speed craft, including hydrofoils and catamarans. Amidst general dissatisfaction with the seeming inertia and unattainability of national aspirations under the premiership of the cautious reformist Theotokis, a group of military officers organised a coup in August 1909 and shortly thereafter called to Athens Cretan politician Eleftherios Venizelos, who conveyed a vision of national regeneration.

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