This decline is due to the reduction of semi-manufacturing of semiconductors and assembly of vehicles as a result of global overproduction and stagnation, the rampant smuggling out of mineral ores and logs, and the smuggling of all kinds of manufactures through the export processing zones, customs and the Philippines’ long coastline. Such a possibility depends on the objective conditions (especially certain domestic and international factors that would hinder or enhance the peace process) and on the character and ability of said president to persuade the big compradors and landlords to take the chance of carrying out land reform and national industrialization as done previously in certain countries. But now, wonder of wonders, there is a new campaign by counterrevolutionary elements, including Trotskyites and pseudo-socialist clerico-fascists, to claim that the Philippines is industrial capitalist rather than semifeudal or big comprador capitalist. Manila Electric Corp. and Subsidiaries, 16. Thus, the center piece of Duterte’s economic plan is to beg China for high-interest loans for overpriced infrastructure projects to be undertaken by Chinese contractors, Filipino-Chinese subcontractors and a predominantly Chinese work force. They were most enthusiastic about the designs and feasibility studies for infrastructure projects under the auspices of the World Bank. The Marcos regime was blatantly against land reform and national industrialization. These exports are however never enough and there is a perennial and growing trade deficit which is paid for with mounting foreign debt and direct investments which only entrench and worsen the problem. Edgar Sia II with 700 M, 22. At a meeting at the University of the Philippines over half of the. He is still hoping to get huge amounts of bribes from the overpriced infrastructure projects and high-interest loans amounting to USD 24 billion, that were promised by China. "semi feudalism" has also served as a bridge for man y ex-leftist leaders, including NPA . Armed only with the ideology and zeal of the re-established Communist Party of the … Aboitiz Power Corp. and Subsidiaries, 12. It enabled a select class to rise to positions of power, which led to the dominan… Jaime Zobel de Ayala with 3.6, 6. Soon enough the US scrapped the foreign exchange controls by having Macapagal elected President in 1961 and using him to adopt the decontrol policy, reaffirm the Laurel- Langley Agreement and promote “free enterprise”. of international groups that are not Maoists. But the agrarian revolution and other socio-economic transition measures can be completed and the socialist transformation of the economy can be carried out in earnest only after the nationwide seizure of political power by the proletariat in alliance with the peasantry and other democratic social strata., Online and Offline Social Movements: Critical Perspectives. The major threat to democracy and economic development in the Phili, elements to freedom and liberty in the country. Eventually, the expropriated land falls into the hands of old-running or newly-rising landlords (from the ranks of bureaucrats, rich peasants, merchant-usurers and professionals) when the land is auctioned off. On the Economy and Mode of Production a. Visit daily: and his YouTube channel Jose Maria Sison, Kung gawing ayuda sa mamamayan ang military overspending at maging efficient ang health services, Questions from the ND Online School of Anakbayan-Europe But while the people’s democratic revolution through protracted people’s war is still in progress, the CPP has agreed with its revolutionary allies within the NDFP and with further allies and peace advocates outside of the NDFP frame to engage, whenever possible and advantageous to the people, in peace negotiations with the reactionary government to address the roots of the civil war with basic social, economic and political reforms in order to lay the basis for a just and lasting peace. But with the use of the digital equipment from the most developed countries the crisis of overproduction becomes worse on a global scale, further discouraging the Filipino puppet leaders to take the path of national industrialization. It has the biggest amount of bribe money to determine the big comprador character of the high bureaucrat capitalists as well as the results of elections at the national, regional, provincial and city levels. Land Bank of the Philippines and Subsidiaries, 27. The Philippines Revolution: What are the alternatives to neoliberalism? The CCP and the GMD even tried to negotiate in order to avert the resumption of the civil war after the defeat of Japan. Encarnacion-Tadem, Teresa et al. But indeed, if left to themselves, they will continue to follow the dictates of their imperialist masters and the local reactionary interests and they will only drive the broad masses of the Filipino people to wage armed revolution and overthrow the semicolonial and semifeudal ruling system. counterparts in Myanmar, Belarus, and Liberia. But he has preferred to “lay aside” in his own words the 2016 judgement of the Permanent Arbitration Court in favor of the Philippines in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. However, the declared good intentions of Garcia did not result in the industrialization of the Philippines. The Philippine economy remains semifeudal, dominated by US monopoly capitalism and its major allies and subordinated to the world capitalist system but run directly by the comprador big bourgeoisie, the landlord class and the bureaucrat capitalist class. there are many good reasons for so-called traditional donors to phase out aid to Zambia. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. "police problem" to be handled by the military police (Petras, 1999). When the rehabilitation funds were depleted by paying for the reconstruction of US firms and for imported consumption goods by 1949, the US allowed the Philippine puppet government to adopt a policy of foreign exchange controls within the framework and control of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the US Export-Import Bank. Politics became more fun after a Maoist-inspired Communist Party was re-established in 1968, a Maoist guerrilla army was founded in 1969, and Maoist student activists celebrated the coming revolution in 1970. This is a far cry from the less than percent peasant population of a definitely industrial capitalist country. The full. on Thank you for inviting me to speak in this webinar on the semifeudal mode of production in the Philippines in the light of national and international developments. This will is well expressed in the Program of the People’s Democratic Revolution and is further applied in the documents and drafts already made in the interest of the Filipino people in the course of the GRP-NDFP peace negotiations. Almost a full, communication technology to modernize the electoral system. Paradoxically, while the EU supports democracy within its member states, it remains relatively free of effective democratic control itself. JG Summit Holdings, Inc. and Subsidiaries, 11. In the same period, the U.S. further ensured hostaging the Philippine central bank to the U.S.-dominated global private central banking cartel via Republic Act No. operators, plantation owners, and landlords. The “economic tigers” of Southeast Asia became emaciated kittens. Petras, James. The LIFE Project is the commitment of Eastern Visayas State University towards sustainable development through community engagement that focus on technological innovation, values formation, people. the Philippines was actually one of the few countries in Asia where the revolutionary Left still expanded. Apart from the traditional left, the Catholic Church is deeply, leftist social movements. SM Investments Corp. and Subsidiaries, 2. Journal of Critical Studies in Business & Society (Special Issue). 2003. Accessed on This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. local civil societies. A semi-colony is, in Marxist theory, a country which is officially an independent and sovereign nation, but which is in reality very much dependent and dominated by another (imperialist) country (or, in some cases, several imperialist countries).. As the inter-imperialist contradictions of the US and China are sharpening, the Duterte regime is desperately trying to serve two conflicting imperialist masters. The People’s Democratic Revolution or Reforms through Peace Negotiations. They are the base of most of the dynasties at the regional, provincial and municipal levels. need another dose of neoliberal prescriptions that has, privatization, the over-leveraging of banks. Terrorism is defined with the usual suspects of rebellion and insurrection, but also the adage of destruction or seizure of certain forms of property (piracy and arson among others), as well as criminal acts such as kidnapping and murder. It is not impossible. In the US colonial period, machinery for large scale production in food and beverages, textile and shoe manufacturing, cordage, paper and others were imported and inspired the small national bourgeoisie and its advocates to aspire for national industrialization and nationalization of the economy. There is now a drastic reduction in the foreign exchange earnings of the migrant workers and their repatriation in increasing numbers is becoming a major problem. Metro Pacific Investments Corp. and Subsidiaries, 17. The idea of fighting "semi feudalism" has also served as a bridge for many ex-leftist leaders, including NPA commanders, to join "modernizing" capitalist enterprise or become part of the Aquino, Ramos, and Estrada regimes, which have their own brand of "anti-feudalism", turning landed estates into upscale country clubs. The main purpose of peace negotiations, the substantive agenda and the methods of negotiating and agreeing have been set forth in The Hague Joint Declaration of 1992. These were reflected in my essays compiled into the book Struggle for National Democracy, and later in Philippine Society and Revolution, which helped activists grasp the crucial role of semifeudalism and the peasantry as the main force in the people’s democratic revolution. It is timely and fitting to discuss the subject of semifeudalism and focus on the major role of the peasant masses and agriculture in the Philippine economy and society within the Peasant Month. But they “improved” the financial standing of their administrations by benefiting from quantitative easing of credit by the US Federal Reserve System and the consequent flow of portfolio investments or speculative capital from the US and other foreign hedge funds, raising the value-added tax, by taking more foreign loans and of course by taking advantage of the growing foreign exchange earnings from overseas contract workers and call centers. Nevertheless, it does not mean that bureaucratic capitalism is weak and unable to develop itself. At best, the efforts of nationalist economists and business groups created some space for certain light and intermediate local industries to supply some domestic needs but were still dependent on imported machinery and subject to licenses and patent rights held by foreign companies. The gravity of the underdeveloped and semifeudal character of the Philippine economy is underscored by the fact that a huge chunk of the labor force have to separate from their families to seek jobs abroad. These programmes are often justified by real threats that independent non-governmental organizations, civic associations, and social movements face from authoritarian governments. In the period of its direct colonial rule and with such devices as the Payne- Aldrich Act, the US made sure that the Philippines paid taxes for its colonial status and remained a profitable source of raw materials and market for surplus manufactures. what he calls Smart Mobs: “people who are a, activists, international non-governmental organizations, and internationally visible t, of the world. And worst of all, counterrevolutionary states have taken advantage of the crisis to repress the people and the monopoly bourgeoisie to take multi-billion dollar giveaways from central banks, couched as “bail out loans” and “stimulus packages”, and evade responsibilities to their mass of employees. how we are all impacted by these powerful global institutions whose policies have. Duterte himself admits that he knows best how to kill people to solve problems and that he knows nothing about economics except the pork barrel kind of economics of which his idol Marcos had a mastery for plundering the economy. After World War II, the Philippines became a semicolony. landed estates into upscale country clubs. Foreign Government Support for Threatened Civil Societies: Helpful or Harmful? If not for his small-mindedness and short-sightedness, if not for his sheer stupidity and cowardice to stand his ground against a rabidly pro-US and anti-people AFP, he could have proceeded with the NDFP in forging the CASER in order to carry out land reform and national industrialization on a self-reliant basis with the further assurance of income from the oil and gas resources, with an estimated value of USD 26 trillion, in the exclusive economic zone of the Philippines in the West Philippine Sea. PLDT Inc. and Subsidiaries, 23. The Asian financial crisis of 1997 devastated not only the erstwhile private construction boom but even the semi-manufacturing of semiconductors and garments. Zambia has recorded economic growth for the most part of this decade, but poverty levels still stand at near 70 per cent and both equity issues and poor human development indicators provide reasons for concern. Were the CPP and the NDFP to rebuff such offer they would appear as the bellicose party in the eyes of a great number of people and the broad range of peace advocates. Twelve Filipino women activists who shared the same ideology were interviewed in three locations: the Philippines, the Netherlands, and Vancouver, BC. However, little effort has gone into analysing whether external aid helps or harms, The study examines Zambia.s evolving aid relationship in relation to the country.s democratic trajectory. 1980s, no single organization has emerged capable of bringing the groups together. Isidro Consunji & Siblings with 1.3, 15. Even beyond the Garcia regime, the “Filipino First” policy also inspired the Filipino big comprador takeover of the Meralco in 1962 and the PLDT in 1967 from their American owners. Revolutions, Revolts and Social Movements. The national industrialization of the Philippines has been effectively stopped within the framework of the IMF, World Bank, WTO, ADB, Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The natural economy of feudalism characterized by local or regional self-sufficiency was eroded in the 19th century, especially in the transition from the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade to the more expanded Philippine-European trade after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. November It is certain that Duterte and his political agents and armed minions will claim before, during and after his... Live streaming of Prof. Jose Maria Sison's latest book Upsurge of the people's resistance in the Philippines and the world. The imperialists, their puppets and other apologists of neoliberal policy also make the superficial and false claim that globalization is opening up alternative paths to industrialization by allowing backward countries to jump-start economic growth by leveraging their local advantages in labor, services, strategic natural resources and location, and even as tourist and tax havens—all in partnership with imperialist countries.